Reflexiones sobre refugios para alojar evacuados

05Jul13

Santa Fe

A LA VERA DE LA RUTA 168

Ya construyen refugios para alojar evacuados

En una primera etapa se reubicará a 20 familias de La vuelta del Paraguayo. Aún no hay fecha prevista para iniciar el traslado.

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Características. Los módulos serán de 3,10 por 4,20, tendrán una estructura de madera, cerramiento multilaminado fenólico y techo de chapa galvanizada. Foto: Gentileza Municipalidad de Santa Fe

Casa Diogene. Renzo Piano

Renzo Piano has become the latest high-profile architect to add a building to the Vitra Campus in Weil am Rhein, Germany, by completing a tiny wooden cabin with room for just a single inhabitant.

The one-room hut is named Diogene, after a Greek philosopher who rejected luxury and chose to live in a barrel, and is intended as a self-sufficient hideaway that can be used as a workplace or as a weekend home.

Diogene by Renzo Piano at Vitra Campus

Renzo Piano first presented his idea for the minimal home in a 2009 edition of architectural magaine Abitare, proposing a living space of around two by two metres, with enough space for a bed, a chair and a small table. Following the publication, Piano was commissioned by Rolf Fehlbaum, chairman of furniture brand Vitra, to develop the project.

“This little house is the final result of a long, long journey partially driven by desires and dreams, but also by technicality and a scientific approach,” says Piano.

Diogene by Renzo Piano at Vitra Campus

The completed cabin is presented as an experimental concept rather than a finished product. Its exterior is clad with aluminium panels to protect it from the elements and it uses solar panels, rainwater collection and a biological toilet to satisfy the usual requirements for electricity and water.

A pull-out sofa is fitted on one side of the space, while a folding table is slotted beneath the window and a shower, toilet and kitchen are also included. All together, the cabin is no wider than three metres and could easily fit inside a lorry.

Ikea

“Many of the current shelters used in refugee camps have a life span of approximately six months before the impact of sun, rain and wind means it needs to be replaced. Yet long-term refugee situations mean that, on average, refugees stay in camps for 12 years,” says Ikea.

Designed to last three years, the prototype shelter from Ikea is a shed-like structure made of lightweight polymer panels, laminated with thermal insulation, which clip onto a steel frame.

Ikea develops flat-pack refugee shelters

The shelters take four hours to assemble and come flat-packed with panels, pipes, connectors and wires in cardboard boxes just like an Ikea bookcase.

There’s also a textile sheet with aluminium woven into the material that lays over the roof, reflecting the sun during the day and keeping heat in at night. A solar panel laminated on a thin plastic film powers built-in lights and a USB outlet.

At 17.5 square metres, the shelter is twice as large as a traditional refugee tent and each one accommodates five people. The upright walls mean the structure could be upgraded over time, for example by adding earth walls or a metal roof.

Ikea develops flat-pack refugee shelters

The firm hopes they could be made for around £655 each once in mass production. Ikea’s Refugee Housing Unit is manufacturing 50 trial shelters to be tested in Ethiopia, Iraq and Lebanon.

 

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